The catalytic sites of sulfatases are only active if they contain a unique amino acid, C-alpha-formylglycine (FGly). The FGly residue is posttranslationally generated from a cysteine by enzymes with FGly-generating activity. The gene described in this record is a member of the sulfatase-modifying factor family and encodes a protein with a DUF323 domain that localizes to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. This protein has low levels of FGly-generating activity but can heterodimerize with another family member – a protein with high levels of FGly-generating activity. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized.
- GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000129103 – Ensembl, May 2017
- GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000025538 – Ensembl, May 2017
- “Human PubMed Reference:”. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- “Mouse PubMed Reference:”. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Cosma MP, Pepe S, Annunziata I, Newbold RF, Grompe M, Parenti G, Ballabio A (May 2003). “The multiple sulfatase deficiency gene encodes an essential and limiting factor for the activity of sulfatases”. Cell. 113 (4): 445–56. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(03)00348-9. PMID 12757706. S2CID 15095377.
- “Entrez Gene: SUMF2 sulfatase modifying factor 2”.