Mutual funds in India

The first introduction of a mutual fund in India occurred in 1963, when the Government of India launched Unit Trust of India (UTI).[1] UTI enjoyed a monopoly in the Indian mutual fund market until 1987, when a host of other government-controlled Indian financial companies established their own funds, including State Bank of India, Canara Bank and by Punjab National Bank.

. . . Mutual funds in India . . .

Despite being available in the market,[2] less than 10% of Indian households have invested in mutual funds. A recent report on Mutual Fund Investments in India published by research and analytics firm, Boston Analytics, suggests investors are holding back from putting their money into mutual funds due to their perceived high risk and a lack of information on how mutual funds work.[3] There are 46 Mutual Funds as of June 2013.[4]

The primary reason for not investing appears to be correlated with city size. Among respondents with a high savings rate, close to 40% of those who live in metros and Tier I cities considered such investments to be very risky, whereas 33% of those in Tier II cities said they did not know how or where to invest in such assets.[citation needed]

In 2019, Asset under management (AUM) of the mutual fund industry rose by 13% to 24 trillion in 2018 by November[5]

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Mutual funds in India are distributed mainly in 2 ways:-

Customers can buy mutual funds online via the corresponding asset management company‘s website or via brokers. There are a number of new platforms that have come which offer direct mutual funds in their platform. Subscribers can buy mutual funds from these platforms. Direct mutual funds provide better returns, generally between .5% to 1.5% more than their regular counterparts. This is due to the fact that brokers charges are excluded from the returns. A 1% deduction from a return of 12% from mutual funds, leads to a 8.33% lesser return to the investor, which is a huge amount.

Most of the asset management company have an offline distribution network. These distributors mainly sell regular mutual funds which carry some commission on it. FundsIndia, NJ, Prudent, QFund are some of the popular distributors in India.

Larger Indian Mutual Fund Industry has benefited from outsourcing the activity of servicing their investors to two of the leading Registrar and Transfer Agents (RTAs) in India namely CAMS and KFinTech. While CAMS commands close to 65% of the Assets servicing, rest is with KFinTech. Franklin Templeton Mutual Fund services its investors through its own in-house RTA set up.

Both the RTAs have a vibrant network of their local offices which enable the Mutual Fund Investors to transact locally. These touchpoints (or) Customer Service Centers (CSCs), provide a wide range of servicing including, financial transaction acceptance & processing, non-financial changes, KYC fulfillment formalities, nomination registration, the transmission of units apart from providing a statement of accounts, etc.

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