Coastal California gnatcatcher

article - Coastal California gnatcatcher

The coastal California gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica) is a small non-migratory songbird. The coastal California gnatcatcher is the northernmost subspecies of the California gnatcatcher. It lives in and around coastal sage scrub.[1] This songbird has black, gray, and white feathers, and eats mainly insects. It often lives alone but joins with other birds in winter groups. Its call sounds like a kitten meowing, a rising and falling zeeeeer, zeeeeer.

Subspecies of bird

Coastal California gnatcatcher
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Polioptilidae
Genus: Polioptila
P. c. californica
Trinomial name
Polioptila californica californica

Brewster, 1881

. . . Coastal California gnatcatcher . . .

The coastal California gnatcatcher is a small songbird that measures 4.5 inches (11 cm) and weighs up to .2 ounces (6 grams).[2] It has dark grey feathers on its back, and light gray and white feathers on its chest. The wings are brownish, and the long tail is mostly black with a few white outer feathers. Gnatcatchers have a thin, small bill and white eye rings.[3][4] Male gnatcatchers develop a black cap during the summer that is not present in the winter months.[2][3]

The diet of the coastal California gnatcatcher includes mostly insects. Some insects include ants, flies, moths, true bugs, beetles, caterpillars, and spiders.[5]

California records show that the historic habitat of the Gnatcatcher  was most likely Southern California. The rest of the population was in Baja California, Mexico.[6]

The gnatcatcher is currently found in and around the coastal sage scrub.[7] The gnatcatcher is non-migratory, and because of this it is only found in coastal southern California and northwestern Mexico. Its range in California includes Ventura and San Bernardino counties. Within North-Western Mexico, its range goes to El Rosario, although is mostly centered in Baja California.[4]

Coastal sage scrub, the habitat of the coastal California gnatcatcher

The initial critical habitat was determined by a resolution in 2003, and it was then decreased by a revision done in 2007.[6] This final revision includes 197,303 ac (79,846 ha) of land in San Diego, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, Los Angeles, and Ventura Counties, California.[6]

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. . . Coastal California gnatcatcher . . .

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