Los Pinos

Los Pinos (English: The Pines) was the official residence and office of the President of Mexico from 1934 to 2018. Located in the Bosque de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Forest) in central Mexico City, it became the presidential seat in 1934, when Gen.Lázaro Cárdenas became the first president to live there. The term Los Pinos became a metonym for the Presidency of Mexico.

For other uses, see Los Pinos (disambiguation).
Complejo Cultural de Los Pinos

The Casa Miguel Alemán
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Address Casa Miguel Alemán, PB, Col. San Miguel Chapultepec, 11850, Mexico City
Technical details
Structural system Casa Miguel Alemán
Casa Lázaro Cardenas
Casa Anexa
Plaza Francisco I. Madero
Calzada de la Democracia
Molino del Rey
Design and construction
Architect Multiple
Manuel Giraud Esteva designed the Casa Miguel Alemán

Since December 2018, the former presidential complex has operated as a cultural space.

. . . Los Pinos . . .

Lázaro Cárdenas House, formerly used as a guest residence for foreign dignitaries.

After the Spanish Conquest, around 1550 a trapiche (mill) was built in Chapultepec, where wheat and maize were processed into flour.[1] This mill became so important that it was later called el Molino del Rey (“The King’s Mill”).[1]

In 1853, the Molino del Rey was sold to Doctor José Pablo Martinez del Rio, who built the Casa Grande (“Big House”) that would later become known as Rancho La Hormiga (“The Ant Ranch”). In 1865 the whole property was sold to EmperorMaximilian for a total of 25,000 Mexican pesos. Following the 1867 overthrow and execution of Maximilian, the property was, in 1872, returned to Doctor Martinez del Rio.[2]

President Enrique Peña Nieto meets with former U.S. President Bill Clinton in Los Pinos, February 2015.
Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan in the gardens of Los Pinos during a visit in September 2014.

In 1917, with the end of the armed phase of the Mexican Revolution, President Venustiano Carranza expropriated the properties, paying MX$ 886,473 for both the property and the construction of a residence that would be close to Chapultepec Castle (which at the time was used as the official residence) so that his most trustworthy cabinet member could live there. Because of this, the first inhabitant of the residence was Álvaro Obregón while he held the post of Navy and War Secretary.[1] After his tenure the residence was unused.

In 1934, President Lázaro Cárdenas took office but refused to use the Castle of Chapultepec as his official residence as he thought it too ostentatious. He was offered use of Rancho la Hormiga (The Ant Ranch), which he accepted. He changed its name to Los Pinos (The Pines) for two reasons: first, he did not consider the name La Hormiga to be accordant with the residence of a President and, second, he promised his wife that when he became president, the house they shared would be named after the huerta in Tacámbaro, Michoacan, where they met.[1]

Los Pinos was home to thirteen of the fourteen presidents in office between 1935 and 2018, with the exception of Adolfo López Mateos (1958–1964).[3] In 2000, President Vicente Fox chose one of the nearby cottages as his home and the Casa Miguel Alemán (residence of most prior presidents) was used for offices and other government functions.

. . . Los Pinos . . .

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. . . Los Pinos . . .

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