Tirupathur[1] or Tirupattur[2] is the headquarters of Tirupathur district in southern India and is one of the oldest inhabited places in the state of Tamil Nadu, with a history of over 1,600 years. The town is known for abundant sandalwood in the surrounding hills. It is located about 89 km (55 mi) southwest of Vellore, 85 km (53 mi) from Hosur, 50 km (31 mi) from Krishnagiri and Thiruvannamalai to the northwest and southeast, 210 km (130 mi) west of Chennai, and 125 km (78 mi) east of Bangalore.

This article is about the city in Tamil Nadu, India. For other uses, see Tirupattur (disambiguation).

Town in Tamil Nadu, India

View from Yelagiri hill station

Sandal City

Location in Tamil Nadu, India

12.50°N 78.60°E / 12.50; 78.60

Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirupattur

  Type Municipal
  Body Tirupathur Municipality

387 m (1,270 ft)

  Total 83,612

  Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
635601, 635602
Telephone code 04179
Vehicle registration TN-83
Nearest city Vellore (88 km), Bangalore (125 km) & Chennai (235 km)
Sex ratio 993 /
Lok Sabha constituency Thiruvannamalai
Legislative Assembly constituency Tirupathur
Website tirupathur.nic.in

. . . Tirupattur . . .

The date of establishment of Tirupathur is unknown.[3]

From inscriptions surveyed by the Archaeological Survey of India in Tirupathur, it is estimated that the town is more than 1600 years old. Under the Chola, Vijayanagara, and Hoysala dynasties the town was variously called Sri Mathava Chaturvedi Mangalam, Veera Narayana Chaturvedi Mangalam, Tiruperur, and Brahmapuram (Brahmeeswaram).

Tirupathur means “a group of ten villages or small towns.” It is surrounded by several villages such as Aathiyur and Kodiyur, making Tirupathur a Taluk. It has many ancient Vishnu and Shiva temples, and water tanks built during the Hoysala Dynasty. It is well connected by road and rail to the other important cities of Tamil Nadu such as Vellore, Chennai, Salem, Coimbatore and Thiruvannamalai and to Bangalore in Karnataka. The town is famous in Islamic culture as the resting place of many Islamic saints. As of 2011, the town had a population of 64,125.

Tirupathur was a revenue sub-division during the British colonial rule as a part of the Salem district, and later as part of Vellore district. The Tirupathur sub-division includes Tirupathur, Nattrampalli, Vaniyambadi and Ambur taluks. Anna Rajam Malhotra, India’s first female Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, KPS Menon (jr), former foreign secretary to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and Dr. TV Somanathan were sub-collectors of Tirupathur during their initial career years.

In 1886, the Tirupathur municipality was constituted as a grade three municipality. As per the government order No. 194, dated 10.02.1970, it was reclassified as second grade municipality. At present, as per the government order No. 654, dated 1.4.1977, it has been reclassified as first grade municipality.

Tirupattur’s population and land area are good enough to have political representations in the state legislature of Tamil Nadu (Member of the Legislative Assembly), and part of Thiruvannamalai constituency for the central/federal legislature of India (Member of Parliament as of 2009 elections).

As of 15 August 2019, the trifurcation of Vellore district resulted in formation of Tirupathur as a new district with Tirupathur town as its headquarter.[4]

. . . Tirupattur . . .

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. . . Tirupattur . . .

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