Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, also known as the Night-flowering jasmine and Parijat(Parvati chi phula) is a species of Nyctanthes native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.[1][2][3][4]

This article is about the tree known as Night-flowering Jasmine. For other plants known as Jasmine, see Jasmine (disambiguation).
“Parijat” redirects here. For other uses, see Parijat (disambiguation).
Species of plant
This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2017)

Parijat, Hengra bubar, night-flowering jasmine, Shiuli
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Nyctanthes
Species:
N. arbor-tristis
Binomial name
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Synonyms[1]
  • Bruschia macrocarpaBertol.
  • Nyctanthes dentataBlume
  • Nyctanthes tristisSalisb.
  • Parilium arbor-tristis(L.) Gaertn.
  • Scabrita scabraL.
  • Scabrita trifloraL.

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) long and 2–6.5 cm (0.79–2.56 in) broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a bilobed, flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule2 cm (0.79 in) diameter, each lobe containing a single seed.[3][4]

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Fruit in Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

The tree is sometimes called the “tree of sorrow”, because the flowers lose their brightness during daytime; the scientific name arbor-tristis also means “sad tree”. The flowers can be used as a source of yellow dye for clothing. The flower is called Gangaseuli and some where Jharaa sephali in Odisha, India. In the Borok Tipruri culture, it is associated with the cycle of life, i.e., birth and dying. It is popularly used as a garland for the dead.[citation needed]

The flower is the official flower of the state of West Bengal,[5] and of Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand.[citation needed] It is known as Parijat, Shefali and Siuli around West Bengal. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is commonly known as night-flowering jasmine and coral jasmine. It is referred to as Har-shringaar in Bihar‘s Mithilanchal and Madhesh. It is called Xewālee (Xewālee, শেৱালী) in Assamese, while in Sri Lanka, it is called Sepalika (සේපාලිකා). In Karnataka it is called parijatha(ಪಾರಿಜಾತ), In Telugu it is called parijatam పారిజాతం,Kerala, where it is called Pavizhamalli (പവിഴമല്ലി) in Malayalam, Pavazhamalli (பவழ மல்லி) in Tamil, paardak (पार्दक) in Konkani, prajakta (प्राजक्त) in Marathi. In Myanmar, it is called Seikphaloo ( my:ဆိပ်ဖလူး ). It is used for pujas and similar ceremonies [citation needed]. It also has importance in old Malayalam romantic songs.[citation needed]

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