King and Queen County, Virginia

King and Queen County is a county in the U.S. state of Virginia, located in the state’s Middle Peninsula on the eastern edge of the Richmond, VA metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,945.[2] Its county seat is King and Queen Court House.[3]

U.S. county in Virginia
King and Queen County

Old King and Queen County Courthouse


Location within the U.S. state of Virginia

Virginia’s location within the U.S.


Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1691
Named for William III and Mary II of England
Seat King and Queen Court House

  Total 326 sq mi (840 km2)
  Land 315 sq mi (820 km2)
  Water 11 sq mi (30 km2)  3.4%

  Total 6,945

  Density 21/sq mi (8.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

. . . King and Queen County, Virginia . . .

King and Queen County was established in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named for King William III and Queen Mary II of England.[4] King and Queen County is notable as one of the few counties in the United States to have recorded a larger population in the 1790 census than in the 2010 one.

Among the earliest settlers of King and Queen County was Roger Shackelford, an English emigrant from Old Alresford, Hampshire, after whom the county’s village of Shacklefords is named. Shackelford’s descendants continued to live in the county, and by the nineteenth century had intermarried with several local families, including Taliaferro, Beverley, Thornton, and Sears.[5]

In 1762 when he was 11, future president James Madison was sent to a boarding school run by Donald Robertson at the Innes plantation in King and Queen County. Robertson was a Scottish teacher who tutored numerous prominent plantation families in the South. From Robertson, Madison learned mathematics, geography, and modern and classical languages—he became especially proficient in Latin. He attributed his instinct for learning “largely to that man (Robertson).”[6][7] At age 16, Madison returned to his father’s Montpelier estate in Orange County.

On March 2, 1864, the Battle of Walkerton, an engagement of the American Civil War took place here, resulting in a Confederate victory.

Virginia Longest, national director of Nursing Service for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, was a county native.

Richard and Mildred Loving lived in a remote part of the county, hoping to avoid arrest by the authorities while their legal challenge to Virginia’s anti-miscegenation laws moved through the courts.

For many years, county publications noted that the county lacked any traffic lights. This is now no longer the case, as a traffic light has been installed on U.S. Route 360 at St. Stephen’s Church.

Even in the 21st century, King and Queen County contains no incorporated towns or cities, and remains one of Virginia’s most sparsely-populated counties.

. . . King and Queen County, Virginia . . .

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. . . King and Queen County, Virginia . . .

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