Foulis Castle

Foulis Castle is situated two miles south-west of Evanton in the parish of Kiltearn, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland.[1] It is a white washed mansion that incorporates an old tower house with gun loops.[1] The castle was held by the Clan Munro from the twelfth century or earlier and they had a stronghold there.[1]

“Foulis” redirects here. For other uses, see Foulis (disambiguation).
For the castle in Angus, see Fowlis Castle.
Foulis Castle

The remains of an 11th-century Motte (man-made mound topped by a wooden palisade), believed to be the first fortification at Foulis, still remain in the castle grounds today.

. . . Foulis Castle . . .

Entrance to Foulis Castle, note the golden eagles on each pillar, symbols of the Clan Munro

Foulis Castle itself is mentioned briefly in records that date back to the 14th century although the original Tower of Foulis was believed to have been built in 1154. It is recorded by contemporary evidence that Uilleam III, Earl of Ross granted a charter to Robert de Munro of Foulis for the lands of “Estirfowlys” with the “Tower of Strathskehech” from 1350.[2] It is also recorded that Euphemia I, Countess of Ross granted two charters to Robert’s son, Hugh Munro, 9th Baron of Foulis in 1394. One of them dated 4 May 1394 is in respect of the “Wesstir Fowlys” and the “Tower of Strathschech”, named so because of the River Sgitheach that passes through nearby Strath Skiach and into the Cromarty Firth.[2]

A document signed and sealed at Foulis Castle in 1491 reads in Gaelic “caisteal biorach, nead na h-iolair”, which means “castle gaunt-peaked, the eagle’s nest”.[2] This is in allusion to the clan chief’s heraldic emblem.[2]

In 1542 Donald Mackay of Strathnaver, chief of the Clan Mackay was imprisoned in Foulis Castle, when he was captured after the Battle of Alltan-Beath.[3] According to Fraser’s Wardlaw manuscript which was written in the 17th century, because of the Munro’s kindness and civility towards Donald Mackay “to this day” a correspondence was linked between the Munros and Mackays.[4]

The castles “tower and fortalice” are also mentioned in a charter from the crown in 1587.[2] In times of clan warfare, a signal beacon was lit on the highest tower of Foulis Castle to gather the clan under arms, hence the Munro slogan or gathering cry of “Caisteal Foghlais na theine,” meaning Castle Foulis ablaze.

The castle survived up to the 18th century until it was attacked by Jacobites in 1746.[2]Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet was killed at the Battle of Falkirk Muir in 1746 and the castle was sacked and burned by the Jacobites in the same year.[1]

Robert’s son the next successive chief, Sir Harry Munro, 7th Baronet returned home from captivity to find the castle had been set on fire and much of the castle had been destroyed. The Jacobites were defeated just a few months later by Government forces at the Battle of Culloden. Sir Harry Munro set about rebuilding the castle incorporating what he could of the original building. However as the Battle of Culloden had brought a complete end to the Highland clan system there was no need for such a defensive fort anymore. As with many castles at this time it was re-built as a large mansion house as it is seen today. The castle was re-built as a large classical mansion between 1754 and 1792.[1] Foulis Castle still remains the home of the Chief of Munro, Hector W Munro of Foulis. However the most recent baronets of Foulis-Obsdale have lived in Southern England.[1]

. . . Foulis Castle . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . Foulis Castle . . .

Previous post The Independents (UK)
Next post Walter Lafferty