Finca Sonador, also known as Longo Mai, is a village in Southern Costa Rica, right on the border of the Provinces of San Jose and Puntarenas.
The Longo Mai movement has its origins in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and France. Young people from the “generation 68” founded the first settlement in 1973 in France (“Longo maï” in Provençal means “may it last long”). They focused on living together, based on self-administration and agricultural self-sufficiency. In addition, they initiated many social projects. In 1979, when many Nicaraguans had to flee from the terror regime of Anastasio Somoza, the cooperative decided to buy land in Costa Rica. The idea was to make it available to the refugees and thereby enable them to live independently and in dignity.
After the victory of the Sandinistas, most of the Nicaraguans returned to their home countries. Families of Salvadorian refugees replaced the Nicaraguans, and landless Costa Rican peasant families (indigenous and non-indigenous) settled down as well. Today, most inhabitants have Salvadorian roots. Roland Spendlingwimmer, a founding member of Longo Mai, has been guiding the project from the very first day.
While in the 1980s the primary concern was to provide shelter for Central American refugees, the community is today developing into an ecological center. Located at the center of vast Del Monte pineapple plantations, the village of Longo Mai (Longo Mai and Finca Sonador are used as synonyms) functions as a “green lung”. Whereas the huge pineapple plantations are a social and ecological catastrophe, the agriculture of Longo Mai is combined with environmental protection and eco-tourism.
For its own use, the village produces corn, beans, rice, yuca (manioc), bananas, platanos (plantains), meat, milk, eggs, fruit etc. They also grow coffee and sugarcane crops to sell on the market.
Longo Mai today comprises about 2,200 acres (890 hectares), half of which is protected rain forest. For the approx. 400 inhabitants there are two pulperías (village stores), one school, a kindergarten and two churches. Also, one regional environmental organization (UNAPROA) is based in Longo Mai. The infrastructure as well as various activities are run by numerous committees.
The Longo Mai tourism concept is primarily directed at young people who want to participate in the life of a Costa Rican or Salvadorian family and complete their own projects. Other guests include graduates from highschool who want to spend a year abroad before studying, students, who spend their winter break in Costa Rica or write their final paper, young social workers, community servants, families with kids, and also older people seeking a green, quiet place for rest. The low rates are designed to make a long-term stay possible especially for young visitors. In 2004, the Longo Mai concept of socially responsible tourism based on cultural exchange was awarded the “to-do” prize of the German “Studienkreis für Tourismus und Entwicklung” (study group for tourism and development).
From San José to Longo Mai you can get without changing buses, the trip with a Tracopa bus takes about 3.5 to 4 hours, and leave every 1-2 hours from early morning. After about 3 hours you get into San Isidro de El General, from there the bus takes about 45 more minutes to Longo Mai. If you don’t know the route, ask the driver to stop in Longo Mai.
From the Longo Mai bus stop, a gravel road takes you about one mile up the hill into the village. You can ask for a shuttle, the residents around the bus stop and Edith’s family (+506 8330-6118) charge about ₡2000-3000 for that (in 2010). If you call early, a pick-up service by horse is another possibility.
Villagers offer guided tours on themes such as agriculture, the rain forest and other topics. Tours to the petroglyphs on the Finca Sonador and to the giant “Ceiba” tree are also possible. Numerous villagers rent out their horses. A time-worthy ride leads to the “Perica”, a spectacular waterfall approx. 2 hours (on foot) from Longo Mai.
Longo Mai villagers offer a wide range of classes and workshops, such as:
- Manufacturing of chocolate
- Pupusas (Salvadorian dish)
Visitors are invited to help the locals, for example by participating in the coffee or sugar cane harvest.
Most of the visitors will eat with their host families.