Parmelinella schimperiana

article - Parmelinella schimperiana

Parmelinella schimperiana is a species of foliose lichen in the family Parmeliaceae. It is found in Kenya, Cameroon, and South India, where it typically grows on bark, but less frequently on rock.

Species of lichen

Parmelinella schimperiana
Image of the holotype specimen
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Order: Lecanorales
Family: Parmeliaceae
Genus: Parmelinella
Species:
P. schimperiana
Binomial name
Parmelinella schimperiana

Kirika & Divakar (2016)

. . . Parmelinella schimperiana . . .

The lichen was described as a new species in 2016 by lichenologists Paul Kirika and Pradeep Divakar. The type specimen was collected near Ngutwa village, Wote (Eastern Province, Kenya). Here it was found growing on bark in dry woodland. The specific epithetschimperiana honours German botanist Georg Wilhelm Schimper, who was the first to scientifically collect lichens in East Africa.[1]

Parmelinella schimperiana is a greyish-green, foliose (leafy) species measuring 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) across. The lobes comprising the thallus are somewhat irregularly branched and measure 3–8 mm (0.12–0.31 in) wide with rounded or scalloped edges. The results of standard chemical spot test are cortex K+ (yellow); medulla K+ (yellow turning red), C–, KC–, P+ (orange-red). Secondary chemicals present in the lichen are secalonic acid A and atranorin in the upper cortex and salazinic acid in the medulla.[1]

The lichen resembles the widely distributed species Parmelinella wallichiana, but has smaller ascospores (measuring 5–10 by 5–7.5 μm compared to 15–20 by 9–14 μm in P. wallichiana) and a more restricted distribution.[1]

. . . Parmelinella schimperiana . . .

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. . . Parmelinella schimperiana . . .

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