Hagerstown, Maryland

Hagerstown/ˈhɡərztn/HAY-gərz-town[5] is a city in Washington County, Maryland, United States and the county seat of Washington County.[6] The population of Hagerstown city proper at the 2010 census was 39,662, and the population of the Hagerstown metropolitan area (extending into West Virginia) was 269,140. Hagerstown ranks as Maryland’s sixth-largest incorporated city[7] and is the largest city in the Panhandle

City in Maryland, United States
Hagerstown, Maryland
City of Hagerstown

Downtown Hagerstown’s southbound Potomac Street in November 2007.

Seal
Nicknames: 

Hub City, Maryland’s Gateway to the West,[1]H-Town, (formerly) Home of the Flying Boxcar
Motto(s): 

A Great Place to Live, Work, and Visit

Location in Maryland and in Washington County

Hagerstown
Location within the U.S. state of Maryland

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Hagerstown
Hagerstown (the United States)

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Coordinates:

39°38′34″N77°43′12″W

Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Washington
Founded 1762
Incorporated 1813
Government

  Mayor Emily Keller
  City Council
Council members
  • Kristin Aleshire
  • Robert Bruchey II
  • Tiara Burnett
  • Tekesha Martinez
  • Shelley McIntire
  State Senator Paul D. Corderman (R)
  State Delegate Brenda J. Thiam (R)
  U.S. Congress David Trone (D)
Area

[2]
  City 12.18 sq mi (31.54 km2)
  Land 12.17 sq mi (31.51 km2)
  Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
  Urban

76.7 sq mi (196.4 km2)
  Metro

1,019 sq mi (2,637 km2)
Elevation

538 ft (164 m)
Population

 (2010)[3]
  City 39,662
  Estimate 

(2019)[4]
40,100
  Density 3,296.07/sq mi (1,272.67/km2)
  Urban

120,326
  Urban density 1,568.8/sq mi (612.7/km2)
  Metro

269,140
  Metro density 260/sq mi (100/km2)
  Demonym

Hagerstonian
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
21740-21749
Area code(s) 301, 240
FIPS code 24-36075
GNIS feature ID 0598385
Website www.hagerstownmd.org

Hagerstown has a distinct topography, formed by stone ridges running from northeast to southwest through the center of town. Geography accordingly bounds its neighborhoods. These ridges consist of upper Stonehenge limestone. Many of the older buildings were built from this stone, which is easily quarried and dressed onsite. It whitens in weathering and the edgewise conglomerate and wavy laminae become distinctly visible, giving a handsome and uniquely “Cumberland Valley” appearance. Several of Hagerstown’s churches are constructed of Stonehenge limestone. Its value and beauty as building rock may be seen particularly in St. John’s Episcopal Church on West Antietam Street and the Presbyterian Church at the corner of Washington and Prospect Streets. Brick and concrete eventually displaced this native stone in the construction process.[8]

Hagerstown anchors the Hagerstown metropolitan area, which lies just northwest of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Combined Statistical Area in the heart of the Great Appalachian Valley. The population of the metropolitan area in 2010 was 269,140. Greater Hagerstown is the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the state of Maryland and among the fastest growing in the United States, as of 2009.[9]

Despite its semi-rural Western Maryland setting, Hagerstown is a center of transit and commerce. Interstates 81 and 70, CSX, Norfolk Southern, and the Winchester and Western railroads, and Hagerstown Regional Airport form an extensive transportation network for the city. Hagerstown is also the chief commercial and industrial hub for a greater Tri-State Area that includes much of Western Maryland as well as significant portions of South CentralPennsylvania and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia. Hagerstown has often been referred to as, and is nicknamed, the Hub City.[1] A person born in Hagerstown is officially called a Hagerstonian.

. . . Hagerstown, Maryland . . .

The Hager House and Museum in Hagerstown City Park was once home to the city’s founder, Jonathan Hager.
Burnside’s Bridge, a site of heavy combat in the Battle of Antietam, which occurred south of Hagerstown.
Hagerstown Public Square circa 1900.

In 1739, Jonathan Hager, a German immigrant from Pennsylvania and a volunteer Captain of Scouts, purchased 200 acres (81 ha) of land in the Great Appalachian Valley between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains in Maryland and called it Hager’s Fancy. In 1762, Hager officially founded the town of Elizabethtown which he named after his wife, Elizabeth Kershner. Fourteen years later, Jonathan Hager became known as the “Father of Washington County” after his efforts helped Hagerstown become the county seat of newly created Washington County, which Hager also helped create from neighboring Frederick County. The City Council changed the community’s name to Hager’s-Town in 1813 because the name had gained popular usage, and in the following year, the Maryland State Legislature officially endorsed the changing of the town’s name.[1][10]

In 1794, government forces arrested 150 citizens during a draft riot which was staged by protesters in response to the Whiskey Rebellion.[11]

. . . Hagerstown, Maryland . . .

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. . . Hagerstown, Maryland . . .

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