Drought Information Act of 2013

article - Drought Information Act of 2013

The Drought Information Act of 2013 (S. 376) is a bill that would authorize funding for the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) through 2018.[1] The NIDIS is “charged with providing timely information to prevent drought and extreme weather damage.”[1]

Drought Information Act of 2013
Long title To reauthorize the National Integrated Drought Information System, and for other purposes.
Announced in the 113th United States Congress
Sponsored by Sen. Mark L. Pryor (D, AR)
Number of co-sponsors 4
Codification
Acts affected National Integrated Drought Information System Act of 2006, VRAP Extension Act of 2013
U.S.C. sections affected 15 U.S.C. § 313d
Agencies affected United States Department of Agriculture, Farm Service Agency, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Authorizations of appropriations $14,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018, for a total of $72,500,000 over five years
Legislative history

The bill passed in the United States Senate during the 113th United States Congress. A similar bill, the National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization Act of 2013 (H.R. 2431; 113th Congress), was introduced in the United States House of Representatives and considered around the same time.[2] That bill became Pub.L. 113–86 (text) (pdf) on March 6, 2014.[3]

. . . Drought Information Act of 2013 . . .

The Western Governors’ Association described the need for NIDIS in a 2004 report, Creating a Drought Early Warning System for the 21st Century: The National Integrated Drought Information System.[4] The NIDIS is supposed to be an interagency, multi-partner approach to drought monitoring, forecasting, and early warning, led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).[5]

This summary is based largely on the summary provided by the Congressional Research Service, a public domain source.[6]

Drought Information Act of 2013 would amend the National Integrated Drought Information System Act of 2006 to specify that: (1) the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere shall continue to support the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) Program, and (2) the program’s purpose shall be to better inform and provide for more timely decisionmaking to reduce drought related impacts and costs.[6]

The bill would revise NIDIS functions to require the NIDIS to, among other things: (1) provide certain information (including concerning water supplies and soil moisture), forecasts, and assessments described in the Act on both national and regional levels; and (2) continue ongoing research and monitoring activities related to drought and the role of extreme weather events and climate variability in drought.[6]

The bill would require the Under Secretary to provide a report to Congress concerning the NIDIS Program that includes a list of partners with whom the Under Secretary collaborates on NIDIS implementation and a description of NIDIS outreach activities.[6]

The bill would authorize appropriations to carry out the Act through Fiscal Year 2018.[6]

. . . Drought Information Act of 2013 . . .

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. . . Drought Information Act of 2013 . . .

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