1981 Galician regional election

article - 1981 Galician regional election

The 1981 Galician regional election was held on Tuesday, 20 October 1981, to elect the 1st Parliament of the autonomous community of Galicia. All 71 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with a Statute of Autonomy referendum in Andalusia.

1981 Galician regional election


20 October 1981 1985 

All 71 seats in the Parliament of Galicia
36 seats needed for a majority

Opinion polls
Registered 2,174,246
Turnout 1,006,222 (46.3%)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Gerardo Fernández Albor José Quiroga Suárez Francisco Vázquez
Party AP UCD PSdG–PSOE
Leader since 27 August 1981 9 June 1979 1980
Leader’s seat La Coruña Orense La Coruña
Seats won 26 24 16
Popular vote 301,039 274,191 193,456
Percentage 30.5% 27.8% 19.6%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Bautista Álvarez Camilo Nogueira Joaquín Alvarez Corbacho
Party BNPGPSG EG PCE
Leader since 1977 1980 6 September 1981
Leader’s seat La Coruña Pontevedra Pontevedra(lost)
Seats won 3 1 1
Popular vote 61,870 33,497 28,927
Percentage 6.3% 3.4% 2.9%

Constituency results map for the Parliament of Galicia

President before election

José Quiroga Suárez
UCD

Elected President

Gerardo Fernández Albor
AP

The governing Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD), which had been expected to maintain its primacy in a region where it had obtained favourable results in the general elections of 1977 and 1979, won 27.8% and 24 seats to come in second place to Manuel Fraga‘s People’s Alliance (AP), which won the election with 30.5% of the vote and 26 seats. The Socialists’ Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE), while faring better that in the general elections, did not secure the expected gains, obtaining 19.6% of the vote and 16 seats.[1] The Communist Party of Galicia (PCE–PCG) secured 1 seat after the voiding of 1,100 PSOE votes in the La Coruña constituency deprived the Socialists from a 17th seat.[2] Of the nationalist parties, only the Galician National-Popular BlocGalician Socialist Party (BNPG–PSG) and Galician Left (EG) secured parliamentary representation, with 3 and 1 seat respectively.

An agreement between AP and UCD allowed Gerardo Fernández Albor to be elected as regional president, at the head of a minority cabinet with UCD’s external support.[3] The 1981 Galician election marked the beginning of the end for the UCD as a relevant political force in Spanish politics, confirming its ever more dwindling support among voters and AP’s growth at its expense.[4][5] The 1982 Andalusian election held seven months later would signal a further blow to UCD, accelerating the internal decomposition of the party into the next general election.

. . . 1981 Galician regional election . . .

The Parliament of Galicia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Galicia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and the regional Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a regional president.[6]

Transitory Provision First of the Statute established a specific electoral procedure for the first election to the Parliament of Galicia, to be supplemented by the provisions within Royal Decree-Law 20/1977, of 18 March, and its related regulations. Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Galicia and in full enjoyment of their civil and political rights. The 71 members of the Parliament of Galicia were elected using the D’Hondt method and a closed listproportional representation, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of La Coruña, Lugo, Orense and Pontevedra, with each being allocated a fixed number of seats: 22 for La Coruña, 15 for Lugo, 15 for Orense and 19 for Pontevedra.[6][7][8][9]

The use of the D’Hondt method might result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude.[10]

. . . 1981 Galician regional election . . .

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. . . 1981 Galician regional election . . .

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