X Crucis

X Crucis is a classical Cepheid variable star in the southern constellation of Crux.

Variable star in the constellation Crux

X Crucis
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Crux
Right ascension 12h 46m 22.2678s[1]
Declination −59° 07 29.120[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.1 – 8.7[2]
Spectral type G1Ib[3]
B−V color index +0.87[4]
Variable type δ Cep[2]
Radial velocity(Rv) -25.0[5] km/s
Proper motion(μ) RA: -8.2[6] mas/yr
Dec.: -0.9[6] mas/yr
Parallax(π) 0.5235 ± 0.0459[7] mas
Distance 6,200 ± 500 ly
(1,900 ± 200 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 3.9[8]
Mass 4.3[8] M
Radius 50[9] R
Luminosity 2,884[8] L
Surface gravity(log g) 1.69[8] cgs
Temperature 5,180 – 6,029[10] K
Other designations
X Crucis, X Cru, HD 110945, SAO 240231, CPD58°4490, 2MASS J12462227-5907290, TYC 8659-1943-1, AN 186.1906, GCRV 63538, PPM 341282, AAVSO 1240-58, CD58°4731, GSC 08659-01943, CPC 20 3918, HV 1298, Gaia DR2 6059764002146656128
Database references

X Crucis is a pulsating variable star with am extremely regular amplitude and period. Its apparent magnitude varies from 8.1 to 8.7 every 6.22 days. This type of variable is known as a Cepheid after δ Cephei, the first example to be discovered. X Crucis is a population I star and so is a classical or type I Cepheid variable, to be distinguished from older low-mass stars called type II Cepheid variables.[2]

Classical Cepheids pulsate radially so that their size varies. X Crucis pulsates in its fundamental mode and its properties indicate that it is crossing the instability strip for the third time as its evolves back to cooler temperatures.[8] Its radius varies by about 5 R during each cycle, approximately 8% of its mean radius. At the same time its temperature varies between 5,180 and 6,029 K. The radius and temperature do not vary in sync, with the smallest size occurring as the temperature is approaching its maximum. The brightness increases rapidly to a maximum when the star is hottest, then decreases more slowly. This is one of the properties that indicate fundamental mode pulsation.[9][10]

. . . X Crucis . . .

  1. Hog, E.; Kuzmin, A.; Bastian, U.; Fabricius, C.; Kuimov, K.; Lindegren, L.; Makarov, V. V.; Roeser, S. (1998). “The TYCHO Reference Catalogue”. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 335: L65. Bibcode:1998A&A…335L..65H.
  2. Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). “VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)”. VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. Originally Published in: 2009yCat….102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat….102025S.
  3. Houk, Nancy (1979). Michigan catalogue of two-dimensional spectral types for the HD stars. 1. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Bibcode:1978mcts.book…..H.
  4. Dean, J.F. (1977). “B, V, I, photometry of Southern Cepheids”. University of Michigan Catalogue of Two-dimensional Spectral Types for the HD Stars. Volume I. Declinations -90_ to -53_ƒ0. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Bibcode:1975mcts.book…..H.
  5. Evans, D. S. (1967). “The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities”. Determination of Radial Velocities and Their Applications. 30: 57. Bibcode:1967IAUS…30…57E.
  6. Høg, E.; Fabricius, C.; Makarov, V. V.; Urban, S.; Corbin, T.; Wycoff, G.; Bastian, U.; Schwekendiek, P.; Wicenec, A. (2000). “The Tycho-2 catalogue of the 2.5 million brightest stars”. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 355: L27. Bibcode:2000A&A…355L..27H.
  7. Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties”. Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A…616A…1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  8. Opolski, A. (1984). “Observational determination of pulsation modes and photometric masses of Cepheid variables”. Acta Astronomica. 34: 225. Bibcode:1984AcA….34..225O.
  9. Tsvetkov, Ts. G. (1988). “Absolute and relative amplitudes of variations in radius of classical Cepheids”. Astrophysics and Space Science. 150 (2): 223–234. Bibcode:1988Ap&SS.150..223T. doi:10.1007/BF00641718. S2CID 120067995.
  10. Pel, J. W. (1978). “Intrinsic colours and physical properties of Cepheids”. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 62: 75. Bibcode:1978A&A….62…75P.
Star clusters

. . . X Crucis . . .

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. . . X Crucis . . .

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